The Legislative Decree no. 31/2010 describes the process of the localisation of the National Repository and Technology Park.
The process was launched on the 4th of June 2014, the date on which ISPRA (Higher Institute for Environmental Protection and Research) published the Technical Guide no. 29 “Criteria for the location of a plant for the superficial disposal of low and medium activity radioactive waste” on its own website.
On the 2nd of January 2015, Sogin presented to ISPRA the proposal for the National Charter of Potentially Eligible Areas (CNAPI) to host the National Repository and Technology Park, complying with the deadlines set by Legislative Decree no. 31/2010, which is within 7 months of publication of the Technical Guide no. 29.
“Potentially suitable areas” means areas that have characteristics favorable to the identification of the suitable site for the location of the National Deposit, which will then be the subject of detailed surveys for the qualification. In developing the CNAPI, Sogin applied the localization criteria established by ISPRA with the Technical Guide no. 29 and indicated by the IAEA with the Safety Guide no. 29.
On the 13th of March 2015, ISPRA presented its report on the CNAPI proposal to the Ministry of Economic Development (MiSE) and the Ministry of the Environment and Land and Sea Protection (MATTM).
On the 16th of April 2015, the MiSE and the MATTM requested Sogin and ISPRA for technical investigations on the CNAPI proposal to have, as required by the regulatory framework, all the elements necessary to express the authorization to publish the Charter, within 60 days.
Sogin has sent Ispra the update of the CNAPI, with the related documentation, which incorporates the remarks made in the report prepared by ISPRA itself based on the first CNAPI proposal. Following the verifications carried out and requested by the Ministries, ISPRA did not issue further remarks.
On the 20th of July 2015, ISPRA delivered the report on the CNAPI proposal to MiSE and MATTM for their authorization to publish the Charter.
On the 21st of July 2015, the Ministries of Economic Development and the Environment clarified in a joint note that with the authorization for the publication of the CNAPI “the site that will host the nuclear waste deposit will not be decided. The path that must lead to the identification of the area is much more articulated, but at the same time open and transparent”. “The authorization of Ministers will only be the starting point, and not the conclusion, of a long procedure characterized by a large phase of public consultation, in which the interested Regions, local authorities and the scientific communities will be involved and which will first identify some areas that are actually suitable for hosting the single national deposit and then establish the site - explained the Ministers of Environment and Development”.
Currently, Sogin continues to monitor the hundreds of databases taken as a reference for updating the territorial features involved in the CNAPI; as well as in maintaining the technical design aspects of the National Repository.
In this regard, on spring 2018 Sogin further updated the Charter also following the issue of the new version of the DISS (Database of Individual Seismogenic Sources) by the Ingv, delivering it on the 15th of May 2018 to ISPRA.
Today Sogin, following the validation by ISIN of the updated documents, is waiting for the Government's decisions regarding the authorization to publish the CNAPI and the related documentation, to start the localization process, which will be based on a public consultation, with the aim of arriving at a shared choice with the territory of the site that will host the infrastructure.
Sogin, according to provisions of the legislation, once obtained the authorization from the two Ministries, will publish on the website depositonazionale.it the CNAPI proposal, the preliminary draft of the Repository and the related documentation required by law.
The Ministers of Economic Development and Environment have stated in various forums that the authorisation for the publication of the CNAPI will take place after the approval of the “National program for the management of spent fuel and radioactive waste”.