After the gradual transfer of radioactive waste to the National Repository, the interim storage facilities are also dismantled. At this stage, after having verified that no radiological risks are present, the brown field becomes a “green field” and the site can be reused by the community.
In 2017, the plan for the decommissioning of Italian nuclear power plants was reviewed by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA); in its final report, the Agency underlined the “robust” approach of Sogin’s decommissioning programmes, designed according to the best international practices. In 2018, the Agency drafted a Technical Review on Sogin’s projects for the dismantling of reactors (vessel and internals) in Trino and Garigliano power plants.
The company Sogin was originally established to dismantle the power plants of Trino, Latina, Caorso and Garigliano; later on, in 2003, the dismantling programme was extended to the research centres owned by Enea: EUREX in Saluggia, ITREC in Rotondella, OPEC and IPU in Casaccia; finally, in 2005, the fuel manufacture facility of Bosco Marengo was included.